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oil & gas

Introduction of The Netherlands


Facts and figures: Kingdom of the Netherlands

Form of government

Constitutional monarchy, parliamentary democracy

Head of state

Queen Beatrix

Administrative regions

12 provinces; Drenthe, Flevoland, Friesland, Gelderland, Groningen, Limburg, Noord-Brabant, Noord-Holland, Overijssel, Utrecht, Zeeland, Zuid-Holland.

Dependencies

Aruba, Netherlands Antilles

Currency

Euro

Location

Western Europe, bordering the North Sea, between Belgium and Germany

Capital

Amsterdam

Largest cities

Amsterdam: 755.605 inhabitants
Rotterdam: 587.134 inhabitants
The Hague: 481.864 inhabitants
Utrecht: 299.891 inhabitants

Area

Total: 41,526 square kilometres
Land: 33,883 square kilometres
Water: 7,643 square kilometres

Land boundaries

Total: 1,027 kilometres
Belgium: 450 kilometres, Germany: 577 kilometres

Coastline

451 kilometres

Climate

Temperate; maritime; cool summers and mild winters

Terrain

Mostly coastal lowland and reclaimed land (polders)

Elevation extremes

Lowest point: Zuidvlaspolder - 7m below sea level
Highest point: Vaalserberg - 322m above sea level

Natural resources

Natural gas; petroleum; peat; limestone; salt; sand and gravel; arable land

Population

16,577.612 (September 2010)

Age structure

0  - 20 years: 23.7

20 - 45 years: 25.3
45 - 65 years: 35.7

65- 80 years : 11.4

80-years and over: 3.9

Population growth rate

5,6 (91.825) (2009)

Ethnic groups

Dutch: 80%, other: 20% (of which 11% are non-Western origin; mainly Turks, Moroccans, Antilleans, Surinamese and Indonesians (2008)

Religions

Roman Catholic: 28%, Protestant: 19%,  Muslim: 6%, other: 4%, none: 43% (2007)

Languages

Dutch (official), Frisian (official)

Economy

 
GDP

656,170 billion US dollars (2009)

GDP per capita

Purchasing power parity: 40,852 US Dollars (2009)

Economic  growth

1,3 % (2005-2009)

Working  population

8,440 million (2009)

Unemployed

449.000 (5,7%) (July 2010)

European economic growth (Euro area)

0,8 % (2005-2009)

International trade

Exports: 309,834 billion euros (2009) (goods)
Imports: 275,930 billion euros (2009) (goods)

Export commodities

Machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, fuels, foodstuffs

Import commodities

Machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, fuels, foodstuffs,clothing

Export partners

Germany 24,1%; Belgium 11%; France 8,9%; UK 8,5%; Italy 5,2%; US 4,5% (2009)

Import partners                                                     

Germany: 19,8%; Belgium: 9,9%; US: 8,5%; China: 7,6%; UK: 6,1%; France: 5% (2009)